6th Grade

  • 6th Grade Course Descriptions

    Wetsel Middle School

    REQUIRED COURSES:

    1. Course I Math, Pre-Algebra I

    2. Language Arts 6

    3. Science 6

    4. Social Studies 6

    5. Physical Education/Health 6

    ELECTIVE COURSES:

    1. Beginning Band Grade 6 (all year)

    2. Exploratory Classes

      - STEM 6

     - Business 6

     - Exploratory Spanish 6

     - Art 6

    *STEM ELECTIVES:

    STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) course will serve as inspiration for students to further their study in all of these areas in high school and beyond.

    REQUIRED COURSES:

    *Student placement will be determined by standardized test scores and teacher recommendation.

    COURSE I MATH:

    The course continues the emphasis on the study of whole numbers, decimals, fractions, and integers.  Students will use ratios to compare data sets; make conversions within a given measurement system; classify three-dimensional figures; collect, analyze, display, and interpret data using a variety of graphical and statistical methods, begin using integers and percents; find the probability of an event; and investigate numerical and geometric patterns. Students will be introduced to algebraic terms and solving algebraic equations in one variable. Students will use concrete materials and appropriate technologies such as calculators, computers, and videos. However, facility in the use of technology shall not be regarded as a substitute for a student's understanding of quantitative concepts and relationships or for proficiency in basic computations. Problem solving has been integrated throughout the six content strands.

    PRE-ALGEBRA I:

    Prerequisite:  Successful completion of Course 1 And based on standardized test scores.

    The seventh-grade standards place emphasis on solving problems involving consumer applications and using proportional reasoning and gaining proficiency in computation with integers. Students will gain an understanding of the properties of real numbers, solve 1-and 2-step equations and 1-step inequalities and use data analysis techniques to make inferences, conjectures, and predictions. Two and three-dimensional representations, graphing transformations in the coordinate plane, and probability will be extended. Students will use concrete materials and appropriate technologies such as calculators, computers and videos.  However, facility in the use of technology shall not be regarded as a substitute for a student’s understanding of quantitative concepts and relationships or for proficiency in basic computations.  Problem solving has been integrated through the six content strands.

    LANGUAGE ARTS 6:

    Students will develop oral language skills through participation in class discussions and sharing final work products. Students will develop an understanding of grammatically correct language and appropriate vocabulary to create their own compositions. Researching a topic will be introduced. Students will study word parts to enhance word knowledge and comprehension. Students will study and discuss a variety of fiction, non-fiction, and poetry to enhance their ability to understand literary elements such as figurative language, word choice, and imagery. Students will use the writing process to produce compositions. Critical thinking will be a focus of English class. Preparation for the Standards of Learning Reading Test at the end of the year will also be part of this course. Daily homework should be expected.

    SCIENCE 6:

    In this course students will demonstrate the ability to use scientific skills and processes to explain the physical behavior of the environment, Earth, and the solar system. Mindful inquiry and hands on explorations, productive discussion, purposeful reading and writing will guide the students through this exciting Science course!

    SOCIAL STUDIES 6: U.S. HISTORY to 1865:

    Students will examine United States history from its earliest beginnings through the Civil War. Students will participate in a variety of learning activities to enhance their understanding of key historical events including the founding of the English colonies, the Revolutionary War, the formation of the U.S. Constitution, Westward Expansion, and the Civil War.  Students will make connections from these historical events to the present-day. Students will utilize primary source documents, artwork, maps, multi-media, books, and quality online resources to complete assignments and extend their learning and overall critical thinking. 

    PHYSICAL EDUCATION/HEALTH 6:

    Students will improve their fitness level in the four main

    areas of physical fitness:

    1.     Cardiovascular endurance

    2.     Abdominal strength

    3.     Upper body strength

    4.     Flexibility

    Students will demonstrate positive attitudes toward classmates and good sportsmanship towards teammates, opponents, and officials.  Dressing out daily will promote student’s responsibility and good personal hygiene.  Students will also participate in various sports and games such as flag football, indoor soccer, speedball, tennis, backyard games, ultimate Frisbee, volleyball, whiffle ball, basketball, and track and field. Throughout the course health education will be incorporated.  Along with understanding how physical activity can greatly benefit one’s life, students will also learn the importance of making healthy decisions.  Some of the topics include nutrition, physical activity, communicable and noncommunicable diseases, the risks of tobacco, alcohol, and drugs, using medicines wisely, building character, building healthy relationships, body systems (skeletal, muscular, nervous), mental and emotional health, conflict resolution, violence prevention, safety, and environmental health

    ELECTIVE COURSES:

    BEGINNING BAND 6:

    Students will learn to read and interpret written music on a traditional band instrument for public performance.  Students will be expected to practice skills at home on a daily basis in order to master the fundamentals of their musical instrument.  Students will be exposed to music theory and appreciation covering many musical styles.  Performance opportunities will occur throughout the year.

    *In order to select an instrument to play for this class, interested students and parents should come to “Instrument Selection Night” in late April.

    STEM 6:
    In this quarter long class, students will be introduced 2D & 3D modeling 3D printing and the Engineering Design Process. Special attention is devoted to developing an understanding of distance, area & volume. Additionally students will learn about programming robots, computer and file management. Students will also research a single possible STEM career and write a letter to someone in that field. The students will investigate infrastructure service providers in Madison County for real life exposure and hands on projects.

    BUSINESS 6:

    Students are introduced to the world of business using the computer as a problem-solving tool. We will strive to increase confidence when using computers, instill courage to try new things, and grow perseverance when addressing challenges. Focus will be placed on Google tools such as Google for Education, Create with Google, and Google’s CS First. However, emphasis will also be on using basic touch keyboarding skills to complete a variety of projects incorporating word processing, database, presentation, and spreadsheet software. Basic Internet safety and computer maintenance issues are important components of this course.

    EXPLORATORY SPANISH 6:

    This exploratory elective course is designed to introduce students to the Spanish language and culture. During the course, students will work with basic vocabulary and grammar. Topics will include greetings, numbers, colors, telling the date, and animals.  Course work includes a focus on pronunciation and communication skills.

    ART 6:

    During their allotted art exploratory time, the students will explore many forms of the visual arts. Painting, hand building in clay, drawing, collage, pastel, art history, and career possibilities will be covered. A major goal of the class is to develop an appreciation by the students for the many forms and styles found in the visual arts.

    SPECIAL SERVICES:

    SPEECH:

    Services are provided on an individual basis as designated by the student's IEP. Students must first go through the special education eligibility process to qualify for this service. Each child receives services according to their IEP in the areas of articulation, voice, fluency, language and/or hearing impairment. The amount of time each student is seen is based on the IEP.

    SPECIAL EDUCATION SELF-CONTAINED:

    This program bases its curriculum on the individual needs and IEP goals of the student. More one-to-one assistance and smaller class size are characteristics of the self-contained program. The self-contained class covers all areas of academics. Courses taught are language arts, math, science, and social studies.

7th Grade

  • 7th Grade Course Description

    Wetsel Middle School

    REQUIRED COURSES:

    1. Pre-Algebra I, Pre-Algebra II, Algebra, Geometry

    2. Language Arts 7

    3. Science 7

    4. Social Studies 7

    5. Physical Education/Health 7

     

    ELECTIVE COURSES:

    1. Intermediate Band 7 (all year)

    2. Exploratory Classes:

     - STEM 7

     - Business 7

     - Introduction to Spanish 7

     - Art 7

    **STEM Electives:

    STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) course will serve as inspiration for students to further their study in all of these areas in high school and beyond.

    ***Athletic Academic Eligibility  (Requirements at WMS)

    Academic eligibility requirements for middle school students who wish to participate in Madison County High School athletics are:

    1.     All athletes must pass 3 out of 4 classes per semester to become eligible to participate in sports

    2.     Middle school students must also pass 3 out of 4 classes, for the semester to remain eligible to play a sport.

    It is important for students to perform well in the classroom if they have a desire to participate in a sport.

     

    REQUIRED COURSES:

    *Student placement will be determined by standardized test scores and teacher recommendation.

    PRE-ALGEBRA:

    The seventh-grade standards place emphasis on solving problems involving consumer applications and using proportional reasoning and gaining proficiency in computation with integers. Students will gain an understanding of the properties of real numbers, solve 1-and 2-step equations and 1-step inequalities, and use data analysis techniques to make inferences, conjectures, and predictions. Two and three-dimensional representations, graphing transformations in the coordinate plane, and probability will be extended. Students will use concrete materials and appropriate technologies such as calculators, computers and videos.  However, facility in the use of technology shall not be regarded as a substitute for a student’s understanding of quantitative concepts and relationships or for proficiency in basic computations.  Problem solving has been integrated through the six content strands.

    PRE-ALGEBRA II

    Prerequisite:  Successful completion of Pre-Algebra and based on standardized test scores.

    This course reviews and/or extends concepts and skills learned in previous grades and new content that prepares students for more abstract concepts in algebra and geometry. Students will gain proficiency in computation with rational numbers (positive and negative fractions, positive and negative decimals, whole numbers, and integers) and use proportions to solve a variety of problems. New concepts include solving two-step equations and inequalities, graphing linear equations, visualizing three-dimensional shapes represented in two-dimensional drawings, applying transformations to geometric shapes in the coordinate plane, and using matrices to organize and interpret data.  Students will verify and apply the Pythagorean Theorem and represent relations and functions using tables, graphs and rules.  Students will use concrete materials and appropriate technologies such as calculators, computers, spreadsheets and videos.  However, facility in the use of technology shall not be regarded as a substitute for a student’s understanding of quantitative concepts and relationships or for proficiency in basic computations.  Mathematics has its own language and the acquisition of specialized vocabulary and language patterns is crucial to a student’s understanding and appreciation of the subject.  Problem solving has been integrated throughout the six context strands.

    ALGEBRA I:

    Prerequisite:  Successful completion of Pre-Algebra and based on standardized test scores.

    This is the fundamental course for any study of advanced mathematics.  The topics include polynomials, solving equations, functions, graphing, exponents, and beginning statistics.  This course will involve extensive use of the graphing calculator.  An SOL test will be taken at the end of the course.

    LANGUAGE ARTS 7:

    Students will continue to develop oral communication skills by using grammatically-correct language and appropriate vocabulary, focusing on the effects of verbal and nonverbal behaviors in oral presentations. Students will read and demonstrate comprehension of a variety of informational texts such as newspapers, magazines, and other print media. Knowledge of both print and non-print media and its impact on public opinion will be introduced. Vocabulary study will continue with applying understanding of word origins and word parts, as well as context clues, to determine word meaning and increase word knowledge. Students will also utilize research techniques and technology to gather, organize, and communicate information while properly citing reference materials. Students will study and discuss a variety of fiction, narrative non-fiction, and poetry to enhance their ability to understand and appreciate literary elements such as figurative language, word choice, and imagery. Students will incorporate written composition skills to produce engaging and creative narrative, persuasive, and expository pieces.  This class will ask students to respond to higher order questions through inquiry based applications.  This class will be an audited class with a pass/fail grade. Preparation for the Standards of Learning Test at the end of the year will also be part of this course. Daily homework should be expected.

    SCIENCE 7:

    Students will understand concepts of change, cycles, patterns and relationships in the living world. The focus will be on cell structure and function, genetics and heredity, the history of life on Earth involving classification and ecosystems. In addition, students will investigate and understand the relationships between ecosystem dynamics and human activity with relation to environmental problems and finding solutions. When applicable, labs (observations, demonstrations and investigations) will be related to each chapter individually, with appropriate use of technology.

    SOCIAL STUDIES 7: U.S. HISTORY 1865 to Present:

    Students will continue to use skills of historical and geographical analysis as they examine American history since 1865. The standards for this course relate to history of the U.S. from the Reconstruction era to the present. Students continue to learn fundamental concepts in civics, economics and geography within the context of United States history. Political, economic and social challenges facing the nation after the civil war will be examined chronologically as students develop an understanding of how the American experience shaped the world political and economic landscape. Students will use primary sources, maps, video, books, the internet and other resources to complete class activities, assignments and projects.

    PHYSICAL EDUCATION 7:

    Students will improve their fitness level in the four main areas of physical fitness: Cardiovascular endurance, Abdominal strength, Upper body strength, and Flexibility. Students will demonstrate positive attitudes toward classmates and good sportsmanship towards teammates, opponents, and officials. Dressing out daily will promote student's responsibility and good personal hygiene. Students will also participate in various sports and games such as team handball, soccer, lacrosse, tennis, backyard games, ultimate Frisbee, volleyball, whiffle ball, basketball, and track and field. Throughout the course health education will be incorporated. Along with understanding how physical activity can greatly benefit one's life, students will also learn the importance of making healthy decisions. Some of the topics include nutrition, physical activity, communicable and noncommunicable diseases, the risks of tobacco, alcohol, and drugs, using medicines wisely, building character, building healthy relationships, body systems (circulatory, respiratory, digestive, excretory), mental and emotional health, conflict resolution, violence prevention, safety, and environmental health

    ELECTIVE COURSES:

    INTERMEDIATE BAND 7:

    This class is designed to further students' skills using Book II. Students will continue to explore the many forms of musical styles to improve their musicianship. New concepts will include more complex rhythm, time and key signatures. Students will also explore the upper and lower ranges of their instruments beyond the beginning level. There will be many performance opportunities for students through the school year."

    **Teacher recommendation required to sign up for 7th Grade Band.

    STEM 7:

    In this semester long class students will be introduced to the Engineering Design Process. Students will learn about the different careers they can pursue in the STEM field. They will learn about the following careers/programs:Nanotechnology,  Flavor Chemistry, NASA and Space Exploration, Robotics, 3D printing, Architecture and Google SketchUp.  Students will also conduct a college research project to find a college that specializes in a career that interests them. They will learn information about that college so they have the knowledge about what steps they will need to take to enter the workforce in their career field of choice.

    Also, similarly to the 6th grade Intro to STEM class, in this class each student will work in a group to complete a national STEM challenge. Students will submit a project in a national challenge in hopes that they gain national recognition for their knowledge and skills.  The students will investigate infrastructure service providers in Madison County for real life exposure and hands on projects.

    INTRODUCTION TO SPANISH 7:

    This course will focus on building the student’s Spanish vocabulary, adding verbs and working on communicating in full sentences.  Topics include describing people, parts of the body, clothing, the community and sports. We will also be studying many aspects of the  customs and culture of the Spanish-speaking world, with a special focus on the great pre-Columbian civilizations of the Inca, Maya and Aztec.

    Business 7

    Students will build upon their introduction to the world of business in Make It Your Business, by using the computer as a problem-solving tool. We will strive to increase confidence when using computers, instill courage to try new things, and grow perseverance when addressing challenges. Focus will be placed on Google tools such as Google for Education, Create with Google, and Google’s CS First. However, emphasis will also be on using basic touch keyboarding skills to complete a variety of projects incorporating word processing, database, presentation, and spreadsheet software.

    Basic Internet safety and computer maintenance issues are important components of this course. Seventh grade students will become EverFi certified in Ignition: Digital Literacy and Responsibility, completing learning modules that cover key concepts such as digital footprint, security, privacy, cyberbullying, and digital time management. They may also utilize online keyboarding programs to improve typing skills, assist in creating schoolwide publications such as a newsletter or yearbook, or complete a computer activity workbook.

    ART 7:

    During their allotted art exploratory time, the students will explore the elements of principles of design. Much of the time will be devoted to the element color. Students will learn to mix both the secondary and intermediate colors from the primary colors as they create a color wheel. They will learn how to make gray, without mixing black and white. They will work with monochromatic, complementary, triadic, and analogous color schemes. Students will continue to explore these elements and principles of Art through class projects, drawing, and art history. Career possibilities will also be discussed. A major goal of this class is to develop an appreciation for the many forms and styles found in the visual arts.

    SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES:

    SPEECH:

    Services are provided on an individual basis as designated by the student's IEP. Students must first go through the special education eligibility process to qualify for this service. Each child receives services according to their IEP in the areas of articulation, voice, fluency, language and/or hearing impairment. The amount of time each student is seen is based on the IEP.

    SPECIAL EDUCATION SELF-CONTAINED:

    This program bases its curriculum on the individual needs and IEP goals of the student. More one-to-one assistance and smaller class size are characteristics of the self-contained program. The self-contained class covers all areas of academics. Courses taught are language arts, math, science, and social studies.

8th Grade

  • 8th Grade Course Descriptions 2017-2018

    Wetsel Middle School

    Required Courses:

    1. Pre-Algebra II, Algebra, Geometry, Algebra II

    2. Language Arts 8

    3. Science 8

    4. Academic Earth Science

    5. Social Studies 8

    6. Physical Education/Health 8

     

    Elective Courses:

    1. Advanced Band 8 (all year)

    2. Spanish I **

    3. Technology Foundations 

    4. Family and Consumer Sciences 8

    5. Art 8

    **It is a privilege for students to begin the study of high school Spanish I in the eighth grade. Students must have a strong interest in studying foreign language and plan to pursue advanced foreign language studies in the high school. Eighth graders should understand that the curriculum and pacing used at the high school will also be used in the middle school. Colleges encourage students to pursue foreign language during their entire high school career.

    In order to take Spanish I in the eighth grade, parents and students must sign a consent form accepting the rigor and expectations of the course. Successful completion of Spanish I in the middle school will earn students one credit toward graduation requirements.

    *STEM Electives:

    STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) course will serve as inspiration for students to further their study in all of these areas in high school and beyond.

    *Athletic Academic Eligibility  (Requirements at WMS)

    Academic eligibility requirements for middle school students who wish to participate in Madison County High School athletics are:

    1.     All athletes must pass 3 out of 4 classes per semester, including English and Math, to become eligible to participate in sports

    2.     Middle school students must also pass 3 out of 4 classes, including English and Math, for the semester to remain eligible to play a sport.

    It is important for students to perform well in the classroom if they have a desire to participate in a sport.

    REQUIRED COURSES:

    *Student placement will be determined by standardized test scores and teacher recommendation.

    PRE-ALGEBRA:

    The seventh-grade standards place emphasis on solving problems involving consumer applications and using proportional reasoning and gaining proficiency in computation with integers. Students will gain an understanding of the properties of real numbers, solve 1- and 2-step equations and 1-step inequalities, and use data analysis techniques to make inferences, conjectures, and predictions. Two and three-dimensional representations, graphing transformations in the coordinate plane, and probability will be extended. Students will use concrete materials and appropriate technologies such as calculators, computers and videos.  However, facility in the use of technology shall not be regarded as a substitute for a student’s understanding of quantitative concepts and relationships or for proficiency in basic computations.  Problem solving has been integrated through the six content strands.

    PRE-ALGEBRA II:

    This course reviews and/or extends concepts and skills learned in previous grades and new content that prepares students for more abstract concepts in algebra and geometry. Students will gain proficiency in computation with rational numbers and use proportions to solve a variety of problems. New concepts include solving two-step equations and inequalities, graphing linear equations, visualizing three-dimensional shapes represented in two-dimensional drawings, and applying transformations to geometric shapes in the coordinate plane.  Students will verify and apply the Pythagorean Theorem and represent relations and functions using tables, graphs and rules.  Students will use concrete materials and appropriate technologies such as calculators and computers. However, facility in the use of technology shall not be regarded as a substitute for a student’s understanding of quantitative concepts and relationships, or for proficiency in basic computations.  Mathematics has its own language and the acquisition of specialized vocabulary and language patterns is crucial to a student’s understanding and appreciation of the subject.  Problem solving has been integrated throughout the six content strands.

    ALGEBRA I:

    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Pre-Algebra and based on standardized test scores.

    This is the fundamental course for any study of advanced mathematics.  The topics include polynomials, solving equations, functions, graphing, exponents, and beginning statistics.  This course will involve extensive use of the graphing calculator.  An SOL test will be taken at the end of the course.

    GEOMETRY:

    Prerequisite: Successful completion of Algebra and based on standardized test scores.

    This course places an emphasis on applying logic to problem solving, using algebra and the coordinate plane to solve polygons from triangles through circles.  Students will also study right triangle trigonometry, transformations, and constructions.  Writing proofs will be an integral part of the course.  An SOL test will be taken at the end of the course.

    Algebra II

    PREREQUISITE: Successful completion of geometry with C or better and/or Administrative Approval

    In this course, a thorough treatment of advanced algebraic concepts will be covered through the study of functions, “families of functions,” equations, inequalities, systems of equations and inequalities, polynomials, rational and radical equations, complex numbers, and sequences and series, and statistics. Emphasis will be placed on practical applications, modeling, and statistical analysis throughout the course of study. Oral and written communication concerning the language of algebra, logic of procedures, and interpretation of results will also permeate the course. This course will take a theoretical approach. An SOL test will be taken at the end of the course.

    LANGUAGE ARTS 8:

    Students will study and discuss a variety of fiction, non-fiction, and poetry to enhance their ability to understand and appreciate literary elements such as figurative language, word choice, and imagery. Students will incorporate written composition skills to produce engaging and creative narrative, persuasive, and expository pieces. By applying accepted grammatical conventions, students will demonstrate correct use of language, spelling, and mechanics. Vocabulary study will continue with learning word origins and studying word parts to increase word knowledge and usage. Students will expand skills in utilizing research techniques and technology to gather, organize, and communicate information while properly citing print and online sources. This class will ask students to respond to higher order questions through project based learning. Daily homework should be expected. Preparation for the Standards of Learning Tests in reading and writing will also be part of this course.

    SCIENCE GRADE 8:

    Students will continue to build skills of systemic investigation with a focus on variables and repeated trials, using observation, experimentation, models, evidence, and problem solving. Students will plan and conduct research involving both classroom experimentation and literature reviews from written and electronic resources. Major areas covered by the standards include the organization and use of the periodic table; physical and chemical changes; nuclear reactions; temperature and heat; sound; light; electricity and magnetism; and work, force, and motion.

    Academic Earth Science

    Prerequisite: Recommendation from Principal and Science Teachers

    Students will continue to build skills of systemic investigation with a focus on variables and repeated trials, using observation, experimentation, models, evidence, and problem solving. Students will plan and conduct research involving both classroom experimentation and reviews of current environmental issues. Demonstrations, laboratory exercises, and JASON Project are used to enhance the learning of the topics being considered. Major topics covered by the standards include astronomy, geology, meteorology, and oceanography.

    SOCIAL STUDIES GRADE 8:

    CIVICS, ECONOMICS, & PRINCIPLES OF DEMOCRACY:

    Students will examine the roles citizens play in the political, governmental and economic systems in the United States. Students will research and interpret the U.S. and Virginia Constitutions; identify the rights, duties and responsibilities of citizens; and describe the structure and operation of government at the local, state and national levels. Students study microeconomics; basic investment formats and investigate the process by which decisions are made in America's Free Enterprise system and interaction in the global economy.

    PHYSICAL EDUCATION GRADE 8:

    Students will improve their fitness level in the four main areas of physical fitness: Cardiovascular endurance, Abdominal strength, Upper body strength, and Flexibility. Students will demonstrate positive attitudes toward classmates and good sportsmanship towards teammates, opponents, and officials. Dressing out daily will promote each student's responsibility and good personal hygiene. Students will also participate in various sports and games such as flag football, touch ball, indoor soccer, softball, volleyball, tennis, backyard games, ultimate frisbee, whiffle ball, basketball, and track and field. There will be four Family Life Education lessons during the year and throughout the course health education will be incorporated.  Some of the topics include nutrition, physical activity, communicable and noncommunicable diseases, the risks of tobacco, alcohol, and drugs, using medicines wisely, building character, building healthy relationships, abstinence, body systems (endocrine, reproductive, immune), mental and emotional health, conflict resolution, violence prevention, safety, and environmental health

    ELECTIVE COURSES:

    Advanced Band 8:

    Students will continue to develop their musicianship skills by preparing and performing standard band works. Performance opportunities include: All District Band, Winter and Spring Performances, and District Band Assessment. Advanced Band students also combine with the high school Concert Band for performances in the spring and will be introduced to the basics of marching band.

    **Teacher recommendation required to sign up for 8th Grade Band.

    SPANISH I:

    PREREQUISITE: Administrative Approval

    This course focuses on the development of students' communicative competence in Spanish and their understanding of the culture of Spanish-speaking countries. Students learn to communicate in real-life contexts about topics that are meaningful to them. In order to develop their communication skills, students are encouraged to use the Spanish language as much as possible. Rather than isolating grammar in a separate strand, it is integrated into instruction according to the vocabulary and structures needed in the various situations in which students are required to function. Topics to be explored include pastimes, school life, food and drink, shopping, the family, and the home.

    Technology Foundations 

    Students acquire a foundation in technological material, energy, and information and apply processes associated with the technological thinker. Challenged by laboratory activities, students create new ideas and innovations, build systems, and analyze technological products to learn further how and why technology works. They work in groups to build and control systems using engineering design in the development of a technology.

    Family and Consumer Sciences 8

    Students in Independent Living build life skills focusing on establishing positive relationships, balancing work and family life, investigating careers, making responsible consumer choices, applying nutrition and wellness knowledge, and studying child development and parenting. Curriculum will be broken into the major units, with career readiness and financial preparedness being a major focus. This will allow us to continue making connections with prior business skills learned as well as build upon civics lessons. A minimum of at least two food labs will be a part of the course, students must be prepared to dress and prepare according to safety standards.

    ART SEMESTER I GRADE 8:

    Students may enroll in Art for either first or second semester. First semester students will be working with perspective drawing. Students build on fundamentals learned in 6th grade Exploratory Art on how to create the illusion of three dimensions on a two dimensional surface, their drawing paper. Students will work with both one and two point perspective and be introduced to three-point perspective. Students will use both drawing techniques to create two separate city landscapes. Students will design a house and build a 3D-paper model of their design. The model then becomes the pattern for building the house with clay, which upon completion will be colored by glazing or painting. The second half of the semester will be devoted to print- making and calligraphy. Students will practice lettering using felt tip and metal calligraphy pens. Printmaking will also be studied by making linoleum and/or woodcuts. Students will design a card and use calligraphy to print a message inside.

    ART - SEMESTER II GRADE 8:

    Second semester Art students will study the human figure. Students are required to bring in photos of a human in action and a portrait. Students will learn how to use blind contour and semi blind contour drawing in developing their drawing skills. Studies will be done in drawing portraits in pencil, collage, tempera, and pastel. The figure will be drawn in pencil and colored pencil. The final project will be a sculpture of their action figure from their earlier photo. The sculpture will be made from Paris Craft and upon completion will be displayed in the school library. If time allows, students will be given the opportunity to make a sun catcher from colored cellophane paper, use watercolors, and try their hand at the pottery wheel.

    SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES:

    SPEECH:

    Services are provided on an individual basis as designated by the student's IEP. Students must first go through the special education eligibility process to qualify for this service. Each child receives services according to their IEP in the areas of articulation, voice, fluency, language and/or hearing impairment. The amount of time each student is seen is based on the IEP.

    SPECIAL EDUCATION SELF-CONTAINED:

    This program bases its curriculum on the individual needs and IEP goals of the student. More one-to-one assistance and smaller class size are characteristics of the self-contained program. The self-contained class covers all areas of academics. Courses taught are language arts, math, science, and social studies.